Clean Water and Sanitation are Basic Human Rights
Yet over 2.5 billion people do not have access to toilets and clean water. That's 40% of the world's population living without the most basic needs. And the consequences are dire and far reaching.
3.6 million people die every year from diarrhea and other water /sanitation related diseases. 1.4 million are children. Claiming more lives than AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis combined. At any time, 50% of hospital beds in developing countries are filled with people suffering from sanitation related diseases.
Women are disproportionately affected. Increased risk of assault when retreating to isolated areas. Increased absenteeism at school and work with onset of menstruation. And when family members get sick, women bear the burden of care, taking time off work/school, and seeking treatment
This is an expensive problem. Economic cost is $260 billion every year - that's greater than Chile's annual GDP. $54 billion in India alone - the size of Croatia's economy. On average poor sanitation costs countries approximately 1.5% of their GDP.